## Three Foundational Papers on Moving Dimensions Theory: Time as an Emergent Phenomenon: Traveling Back to the Heroic Age of Physics by Dr. Elliot McGucken

Time as an Emergent Phenomenon: Traveling Back to the Heroic Age of Physics by Dr. Elliot McGucken

Dr. Elliot McGucken wrote on Aug. 25, 2008 @ 18:38 GMT

Essay Abstract

In his 1912 Manuscript on Relativity, Einstein never stated that time

is the fourth dimension, but rather he wrote x4 = ict. The fourth

dimension is not time, but ict. Despite this, prominent physicists

have oft equated time and the fourth dimension, leading to un-

resolvable paradoxes and confusion regarding time’s physical nature,

as physicists mistakenly projected properties of the three spatial

dimensions onto a time dimension, resulting in curious concepts

including frozen time and block universes in which the past and future

are omni-present, thusly denying free will, while implying the

possibility of time travel into the past, which visitors from the

future have yet to verify. Beginning with the postulate that time is

an emergent phenomenon resulting from a fourth dimension expanding

relative to the three spatial dimensions at the rate of c, diverse

phenomena from relativity, quantum mechanics, and statistical

mechanics are accounted for. Time dilation, the equivalence of mass

and energy, nonlocality, wave-particle duality, and entropy are shown

to arise from a common, deeper physical reality expressed with dx4/

dt=ic. This postulate and equation, from which Einstein’s relativity

is derived, presents a fundamental model accounting for the emergence

of time, the constant velocity of light, the fact that the maximum

velocity is c, and the fact that c is independent of the velocity of

the source, as photons are but matter surfing a fourth expanding

dimension. In general relativity, Einstein showed that the dimensions

themselves could bend, curve, and move. The present theory extends

this principle, postulating that the fourth dimension is moving

independently of the three spatial dimensions, distributing locality

and fathering time. This physical model underlies and accounts for

time in quantum mechanics, relativity, and statistical mechanics, as

well as entropy, the universe’s expansion, and time’s arrows.

http://www.fqxi.org/community/forum/topic/511

http://www.fqxi.org/community/forum/topic/238

Author Bio

“Dr. E” received a B.A. in physics from Princeton University and a

Ph.D. in physics from UNC Chapel Hill, where his research on an

artificial retina, which is now helping the blind see, appeared in

Business Week and Popular Science and was awarded a Merrill Lynch

Innovations Grant. While at Princeton, McGucken worked on projects

concerning quantum mechanics and general relativity with the late John

Wheeler, and the projects combined to form an appendix treating time

as an emergent phenomenon in his dissertation. McGucken is writing a

book for the Artistic Entrepreneurship & Technology

(artsentrepreneurship.com) curriculum he created.

TOPIC: What is Ultimately Possible in Physics? Physics! A Hero’s

Journey with Galileo, Newton, Faraday, Maxwell, Planck, Einstein,

Schrodinger, Bohr, and the Greats towards Moving Dimensions Theory. E

pur si muove! by Dr. Elliot McGucken [refresh]

Author Dr. Elliot McGucken wrote on Sep. 16, 2009 @ 14:14 GMT

Essay Abstract

Over the past few decades prominent physicists have noted that physics

has diverged away from its heroic journey defined by boldly

describing, fathoming, and characterizing foundational truths of

physical reality via simple, elegant, logically-consistent postulates

and equations humbling themselves before empirical reality. Herein the

spirit of physics is again exalted by the heroic words of the Greats—

by Galileo, Newton, Faraday, Maxwell, Planck, Einstein, Bohr, and

Schrodinger—the Founding Fathers upon whose shoulders physics stands.

And from that pinnacle, a novel physical theory is proposed, complete

with a novel physical model celebrating a hitherto unsung universal

invariant and an equation reflecting the foundational physical reality

of a fourth dimension expanding relative to the three spatial

dimensions at the rate of c, or dx4/dt=ic, providing both the

“elementary foundations” for relativity and QM’s “characteristic

trait”—entanglement, and its nonlocal, probabilistic nature. From

MDT’s experimentally-verified equation relativity is derived while

time is unfrozen and free will exalted, while a physical model

accounting for quantum nonlocality is presented. Entropy, Huygens’

Principle; the wave/particle, energy/mass, space/time, and E/B

dualities; and time and all its arrows and asymmetries emerge from a

common, foundational physical model. MDT exalts Einstein’s “empirical

facts,” “naturalness,” and “logical simplicity.” For the first time in

the history of relativity, change is woven into the fabric of space-

time, and the timeless, ageless, nonlocal photon of Galileo’s/

Einstein’s “empirical world” is explained via a foundational physical

model, alongside the fact that c is both constant and the maximum

velocity in the universe. The empirical GPS clocks’ time dilation/

twins paradox is resolved by proposing a frame of absolute rest—the

three spatial dimensions, and a frame of absolute motion—the fourth

expanding dimension upon which ageless photons of zero rest mass surf;

which underlie and give rise to Einstein’s Principle of Relativity.

Author Bio

“Dr. E” received a B.A. in physics from Princeton University and a

Ph.D. in physics from UNC Chapel Hill, where his research on an

artificial retina, which is now helping the blind see, appeared in

NSF’s Frontiers and Popular Science and was awarded a Merrill Lynch

Innovations Grant. While at Princeton, McGucken worked on projects

concerning quantum mechanics and general relativity with the late John

A. Wheeler, and the projects combined to form an appendix treating

time as an emergent phenomenon in his dissertation. McGucken is

writing a book artsentrepreneurship.com curriculum he created: The

Gold 45 Revolver: The Hero’s Journey.

On the Emergence of QM, Relativity, Entropy, Time, iħ, and ic… by

Elliot McGucken [refresh]

This essay’s rating: Community = 2.2; Public = 3.4

Would you like to rate this essay?

Author Dr. Elliot McGucken wrote on Feb. 11, 2011 @ 16:08 GMT

Essay Abstract

The photon is used to physically probe and trace the discrete,

digital, dynamic nature of x4 as the quantum nature of physical

measurement is examined, while the foundational papers of Planck,

Bohr, Heisenberg, et al. are exalted, lead by Einstein’s statement

that physics “starts from experience and ends in it.” In its simplest

case, a photon oscillates while propagating at c as a probabilistic

wave-front expanding through the three spatial dimensions in a

spherically-symmetric manner, as demonstrated by the classic double-

slit experiment, leading to the natural conclusion that x4, in which

the photon remains stationary according to relativity, must thusly be

oscillating and propagating at c as a spherically-symmetric expanding

wavefront. Relativity informs us that all of a photon’s motion is

through the three spatial dimensions, thusly dictating that the

timeless, ageless photon remains stationary in the fourth dimension

x4. As electromagnetic radiation (the photon) is quantized, while

there is no evidence for quantum gravity, we may conclude that x4 is

quantized and digital in nature, while the three spatial dimensions

are continuous and analog in nature. qp-pq=iħ (Born & Heisenberg) and

x4=ict or dx4/dt=ic (Einstein & Minkowski) are fundamental

relationships of QM and relativity. Both equations have differentials

on the left and an i on the right, as Bohr noted, suggesting that a

foundational change is occurring in a “perpendicular” manner, implying

a fourth moving dimension. qp-pq = iħ reflects the discrete increment

and quantum action—ħ —that emerges from the dynamic, discretely

parceled space-time geometry born by the discrete wavelength of x4’s

expansion; while dx4/dt=ic, from which relativity and its postulates

derive, sets the velocity of the expansion of x4 to c. A physical

model encompassing both Einstein’s “elementary foundations” of

relativity and Schrodinger’s “characteristic trait” of QM—entanglement—

is presented.

Author Bio

In high school, theoretical physicist Dr. Elliot McGucken received the

Bausch & Lomb Science Award, the William Tenney Scholar-Athlete Award,

and the Judith Resnik Memorial Scholarship which helped him attend

Princeton University. Dr. E’s Ph.D. research titled “Multiple unit

artificial retina chipset to aid the visually impaired and enhanced

holed-emitter CMOS phototransistors” received several Fight for Sight

and NSF grants, as well as a Merrill Lynch Innovations award. The late

J.A. Wheeler wrote, “More intellectual curiosity, versatility and yen

for physics than Elliot McGucken’s I have never seen in any senior or

graduate student.”

HERO’S JOURNEY PHYSICS

Riding with Einstein, Galileo, Copernicus, Planck, Bohr, Newton, and

Feynman beyond the String Theory Multiverse Landscape, and on towards

the Holy Grail of Physics—Moving Dimensions’ Theory’s dx4/dt=ic.

by Dr. Elliot McGucken

Time as an Emergent Phenomenon & Deriving Einstein’s Relativity from

Moving Dimensions Theory’s dx4/dt=ic: Traveling Back to the Heroic Age

of Physics

In Memory of John Archibald Wheeler

by Dr. Elliot McGucken

MDT’s postulate: The fourth dimensions is expanding relative to the

three spatial dimensions at c. MDT’s equation: dx4/dt=ic.

Simple, logical proofs of MDT:

MDT PROOF#1: Relativity tells us that a timeless, ageless photon

remains in one place in the fourth dimension. Quantum mechanics tells

us that a photon propagates as a spherically-symmetric expanding

wavefront at the velocity of c. Ergo, the fourth dimension must be

expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions at the rate of c,

in a spherically-symmetric manner. The expansion of the fourth

dimension is the source of nonlocality, entanglement, time and all its

arrows and asymmetries, c, relativity, entropy, free will, and all

motion, change, and measurement, for no measurement can be made

without change. For the first time in the history of relativity,

change has been wedded to the fundamental fabric of spacetime in MDT.

MDT PROOF#2: Einstein (1912 Man. on Rel.) and Minkowski wrote

x4=ict. Ergo dx4/dt=ic.

MDT PROOF#3: The only way to stay stationary in the three spatial

dimensions is to move at c through the fourth dimension. The only way

to stay stationary in the fourth dimension is to move at c through the

three spatial dimensions. Ergo the fourth dimension is moving at c

relative to the three spatial dimensions.

MDT twitter proof (limited to 140 characters): SR: photon is

stationary in 4th dimension. QM: photon is probability wave expanding

@ c. Ergo: 4th dimension expands @ c & MDT: dx4/dt=ic –from

http://twitter.com/45surf

ABSTRACT

In his 1912 Manuscript on Relativity, Einstein never stated that time

is the fourth dimension, but rather he wrote x4 = ict. The fourth

dimension is not time, but ict. Despite this, prominent physicists

have oft equated time and the fourth dimension, leading to un-

resolvable paradoxes and confusion regarding time’s physical nature,

as physicists mistakenly projected properties of the three spatial

dimensions onto a time dimension, resulting in curious concepts

including frozen time and block universes in which the past and future

are omni-present, thusly denying free will, while implying the

possibility of time travel into the past, which visitors from the

future have yet to verify. Beginning with the postulate that time is

an emergent phenomenon resulting from a fourth dimension expanding

relative to the three spatial dimensions at the rate of c, diverse

phenomena from relativity, quantum mechanics, and statistical

mechanics are accounted for and unified with a hitherto unsung

universal invariant dx4/dt=ic. Time dilation, the equivalence of mass

and energy, quantum entanglement, nonlocality, wave-particle duality,

and entropy are shown to arise from a common, deeper physical reality

expressed with dx4/dt=ic. This postulate and equation, from which

Einstein’s relativity is derived, presents a fundamental model

accounting for the emergence of time, the constant velocity of light,

the fact that the maximum velocity is c, and the fact that c is

independent of the velocity of the source, as photons are but matter

surfing a fourth expanding dimension. In general relativity, Einstein

showed that the dimensions themselves could bend, curve, and move.

The present theory extends this principle, postulating that the fourth

dimension is moving independently of the three spatial dimensions,

distributing locality and fathering time. This physical model

underlies and accounts for time in quantum mechanics, relativity, and

statistical mechanics, as well as entropy, the universe’s expansion,

and time’s arrows and asymmetries in all arenas.

“More intellectual curiosity, versatility and yen for physics than

Elliot McGucken’s I have never seen in any senior or graduate

student. . . Originality, powerful motivation, and a can-do spirit

make me think that McGucken is a top bet for graduate school in

physics. . . I say this on the basis of close contacts with him over

the past year and a half. . . I gave him as an independent task to

figure out the time factor in the standard Schwarzchild expression

around a spherically- symmetric center of attraction. I gave him the

proofs of my new general-audience, calculus-free book on general

relativity, A Journey Into Gravity and Space Time. There the space

part of the Schwarzchild geometric is worked out by purely geometric

methods. “Can you, by poor-man’s reasoning, derive what I never have,

the time part?” He could and did, and wrote it all up in a

beautifully clear account. . . .his second junior paper . . .entitled

Within a Context, was done with another advisor, and dealt with an

entirely different part of physics, the Einstein-Rosen-Podolsky

experiment and delayed choice experiments in general. . . this paper

was so outstanding. . . I am absolutely delighted that this semester

McGucken is doing a project with the cyclotron group on time reversal

asymmetry. Electronics, machine-shop work and making equipment

function are things in which he now revels. But he revels in

Shakespeare, too. Acting the part of Prospero in the Tempest. . . ”

–John Archibald Wheeler, Princeton University, Recommendation for

Elliot McGucken for Admission to Graduate School of Physics

Dr. Elliot McGucken’s Biography: “Dr. E” received a B.A. in physics

from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in physics from UNC Chapel Hill,

where his research on an artificial retina, which is now helping the

blind see, appeared in Business Week and Popular Science and was

awarded a Merrill Lynch Innovations Grant. While at Princeton,

McGucken worked on projects concerning quantum mechanics and general

relativity with the late John A. Wheeler, and the projects combined to

form an appendix treating time as an emergent phenomenon in his

dissertation. McGucken is writing a book for the Artistic

Entrepreneurship & Technology (artsentrepreneurship.com) curriculum he

created.

All great discoveries in experimental physics have been made due to

the intuition of men who made free use of models which for them were

not products of the imagination but representations of real things. –

Max Born

*dx4/dt=ic *represents the physically real reality of a fourth dimension

expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.

Please download the papers by clicking on the above media links. Thanks!

Dr. E said this on July 10, 2011 at 11:28 pm |