Three Foundational Papers on Moving Dimensions Theory: Time as an Emergent Phenomenon: Traveling Back to the Heroic Age of Physics by Dr. Elliot McGucken

Time as an Emergent Phenomenon: Traveling Back to the Heroic Age of Physics In Memory of John Archibald Wheeler by Dr. Elliot McGucken

 

 

What is Ultimately Possible in Physics? Physics! A Hero’s Journey with Galileo, Newton, Faraday, Maxwell, Planck, Einstein, Schrodinger, Bohr, and the Greats towards Moving Dimensions Theory. E pur si muove!

On the Emergence of QM, Relativity, Entropy, Time, iħ, and ic from the Foundational, Physical Reality of a Fourth Dimension x4 Expanding with a Discrete (Digital) Wavelength lp at c Relative to Three Continuous (Analog) Spatial Dimensions

 

Time as an Emergent Phenomenon: Traveling Back to the Heroic Age of Physics by Dr. Elliot McGucken

Dr. Elliot McGucken wrote on Aug. 25, 2008 @ 18:38 GMT
Essay Abstract

In his 1912 Manuscript on Relativity, Einstein never stated that time
is the fourth dimension, but rather he wrote x4 = ict. The fourth
dimension is not time, but ict. Despite this, prominent physicists
have oft equated time and the fourth dimension, leading to un-
resolvable paradoxes and confusion regarding time’s physical nature,
as physicists mistakenly projected properties of the three spatial
dimensions onto a time dimension, resulting in curious concepts
including frozen time and block universes in which the past and future
are omni-present, thusly denying free will, while implying the
possibility of time travel into the past, which visitors from the
future have yet to verify. Beginning with the postulate that time is
an emergent phenomenon resulting from a fourth dimension expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions at the rate of c, diverse
phenomena from relativity, quantum mechanics, and statistical
mechanics are accounted for. Time dilation, the equivalence of mass
and energy, nonlocality, wave-particle duality, and entropy are shown
to arise from a common, deeper physical reality expressed with dx4/
dt=ic. This postulate and equation, from which Einstein’s relativity
is derived, presents a fundamental model accounting for the emergence
of time, the constant velocity of light, the fact that the maximum
velocity is c, and the fact that c is independent of the velocity of
the source, as photons are but matter surfing a fourth expanding
dimension. In general relativity, Einstein showed that the dimensions
themselves could bend, curve, and move. The present theory extends
this principle, postulating that the fourth dimension is moving
independently of the three spatial dimensions, distributing locality
and fathering time. This physical model underlies and accounts for
time in quantum mechanics, relativity, and statistical mechanics, as
well as entropy, the universe’s expansion, and time’s arrows.

Author Bio

“Dr. E” received a B.A. in physics from Princeton University and a
Ph.D. in physics from UNC Chapel Hill, where his research on an
artificial retina, which is now helping the blind see, appeared in
Business Week and Popular Science and was awarded a Merrill Lynch
Innovations Grant. While at Princeton, McGucken worked on projects
concerning quantum mechanics and general relativity with the late John
Wheeler, and the projects combined to form an appendix treating time
as an emergent phenomenon in his dissertation. McGucken is writing a
book for the Artistic Entrepreneurship & Technology
(artsentrepreneurship.com) curriculum he created.

TOPIC: What is Ultimately Possible in Physics? Physics! A Hero’s
Journey with Galileo, Newton, Faraday, Maxwell, Planck, Einstein,
Schrodinger, Bohr, and the Greats towards Moving Dimensions Theory. E
pur si muove! by Dr. Elliot McGucken [refresh]

Author Dr. Elliot McGucken wrote on Sep. 16, 2009 @ 14:14 GMT
Essay Abstract

Over the past few decades prominent physicists have noted that physics
has diverged away from its heroic journey defined by boldly
describing, fathoming, and characterizing foundational truths of
physical reality via simple, elegant, logically-consistent postulates
and equations humbling themselves before empirical reality. Herein the
spirit of physics is again exalted by the heroic words of the Greats—
by Galileo, Newton, Faraday, Maxwell, Planck, Einstein, Bohr, and
Schrodinger—the Founding Fathers upon whose shoulders physics stands.
And from that pinnacle, a novel physical theory is proposed, complete
with a novel physical model celebrating a hitherto unsung universal
invariant and an equation reflecting the foundational physical reality
of a fourth dimension expanding relative to the three spatial
dimensions at the rate of c, or dx4/dt=ic, providing both the
“elementary foundations” for relativity and QM’s “characteristic
trait”—entanglement, and its nonlocal, probabilistic nature. From
MDT’s experimentally-verified equation relativity is derived while
time is unfrozen and free will exalted, while a physical model
accounting for quantum nonlocality is presented. Entropy, Huygens’
Principle; the wave/particle, energy/mass, space/time, and E/B
dualities; and time and all its arrows and asymmetries emerge from a
common, foundational physical model. MDT exalts Einstein’s “empirical
facts,” “naturalness,” and “logical simplicity.” For the first time in
the history of relativity, change is woven into the fabric of space-
time, and the timeless, ageless, nonlocal photon of Galileo’s/
Einstein’s “empirical world” is explained via a foundational physical
model, alongside the fact that c is both constant and the maximum
velocity in the universe. The empirical GPS clocks’ time dilation/
twins paradox is resolved by proposing a frame of absolute rest—the
three spatial dimensions, and a frame of absolute motion—the fourth
expanding dimension upon which ageless photons of zero rest mass surf;
which underlie and give rise to Einstein’s Principle of Relativity.

Author Bio

“Dr. E” received a B.A. in physics from Princeton University and a
Ph.D. in physics from UNC Chapel Hill, where his research on an
artificial retina, which is now helping the blind see, appeared in
NSF’s Frontiers and Popular Science and was awarded a Merrill Lynch
Innovations Grant. While at Princeton, McGucken worked on projects
concerning quantum mechanics and general relativity with the late John
A. Wheeler, and the projects combined to form an appendix treating
time as an emergent phenomenon in his dissertation. McGucken is
writing a book artsentrepreneurship.com curriculum he created: The
Gold 45 Revolver: The Hero’s Journey.

On the Emergence of QM, Relativity, Entropy, Time, iħ, and ic… by
Elliot McGucken [refresh]

This essay’s rating: Community = 2.2; Public = 3.4

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Author Dr. Elliot McGucken wrote on Feb. 11, 2011 @ 16:08 GMT
Essay Abstract

The photon is used to physically probe and trace the discrete,
digital, dynamic nature of x4 as the quantum nature of physical
measurement is examined, while the foundational papers of Planck,
Bohr, Heisenberg, et al. are exalted, lead by Einstein’s statement
that physics “starts from experience and ends in it.” In its simplest
case, a photon oscillates while propagating at c as a probabilistic
wave-front expanding through the three spatial dimensions in a
spherically-symmetric manner, as demonstrated by the classic double-
slit experiment, leading to the natural conclusion that x4, in which
the photon remains stationary according to relativity, must thusly be
oscillating and propagating at c as a spherically-symmetric expanding
wavefront. Relativity informs us that all of a photon’s motion is
through the three spatial dimensions, thusly dictating that the
timeless, ageless photon remains stationary in the fourth dimension
x4. As electromagnetic radiation (the photon) is quantized, while
there is no evidence for quantum gravity, we may conclude that x4 is
quantized and digital in nature, while the three spatial dimensions
are continuous and analog in nature. qp-pq=iħ (Born & Heisenberg) and
x4=ict or dx4/dt=ic (Einstein & Minkowski) are fundamental
relationships of QM and relativity. Both equations have differentials
on the left and an i on the right, as Bohr noted, suggesting that a
foundational change is occurring in a “perpendicular” manner, implying
a fourth moving dimension. qp-pq = iħ reflects the discrete increment
and quantum action—ħ —that emerges from the dynamic, discretely
parceled space-time geometry born by the discrete wavelength of x4’s
expansion; while dx4/dt=ic, from which relativity and its postulates
derive, sets the velocity of the expansion of x4 to c. A physical
model encompassing both Einstein’s “elementary foundations” of
relativity and Schrodinger’s “characteristic trait” of QM—entanglement—
is presented.

Author Bio

In high school, theoretical physicist Dr. Elliot McGucken received the
Bausch & Lomb Science Award, the William Tenney Scholar-Athlete Award,
and the Judith Resnik Memorial Scholarship which helped him attend
Princeton University. Dr. E’s Ph.D. research titled “Multiple unit
artificial retina chipset to aid the visually impaired and enhanced
holed-emitter CMOS phototransistors” received several Fight for Sight
and NSF grants, as well as a Merrill Lynch Innovations award. The late
J.A. Wheeler wrote, “More intellectual curiosity, versatility and yen
for physics than Elliot McGucken’s I have never seen in any senior or
graduate student.”

HERO’S JOURNEY PHYSICS
Riding with Einstein, Galileo, Copernicus, Planck, Bohr, Newton, and
Feynman beyond the String Theory Multiverse Landscape, and on towards
the Holy Grail of Physics—Moving Dimensions’ Theory’s dx4/dt=ic.
by Dr. Elliot McGucken

Time as an Emergent Phenomenon & Deriving Einstein’s Relativity from
Moving Dimensions Theory’s dx4/dt=ic: Traveling Back to the Heroic Age
of Physics
In Memory of John Archibald Wheeler
by Dr. Elliot McGucken

MDT’s postulate: The fourth dimensions is expanding relative to the
three spatial dimensions at c.  MDT’s equation: dx4/dt=ic.

Simple, logical proofs of MDT:

MDT PROOF#1: Relativity tells us that a timeless, ageless photon
remains in one place in the fourth dimension.  Quantum mechanics tells
us that a photon propagates as a spherically-symmetric expanding
wavefront at the velocity of c.  Ergo, the fourth dimension must be
expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions at the rate of c,
in a spherically-symmetric manner.  The expansion of the fourth
dimension is the source of nonlocality, entanglement, time and all its
arrows and asymmetries, c, relativity, entropy, free will, and all
motion, change, and measurement, for no measurement can be made
without change.  For the first time in the history of relativity,
change has been wedded to the fundamental fabric of spacetime in MDT.
MDT PROOF#2:  Einstein (1912 Man. on Rel.) and Minkowski wrote
x4=ict.  Ergo dx4/dt=ic.
MDT PROOF#3: The only way to stay stationary in the three spatial
dimensions is to move at c through the fourth dimension. The only way
to stay stationary in the fourth dimension is to move at c through the
three spatial dimensions. Ergo the fourth dimension is moving at c
relative to the three spatial dimensions.
MDT twitter proof (limited to 140 characters): SR: photon is
stationary in 4th dimension. QM: photon is probability wave expanding
@ c. Ergo: 4th dimension expands @ c & MDT: dx4/dt=ic   –from
http://twitter.com/45surf

ABSTRACT
In his 1912 Manuscript on Relativity, Einstein never stated that time
is the fourth dimension, but rather he wrote x4 = ict.  The fourth
dimension is not time, but ict.  Despite this, prominent physicists
have oft equated time and the fourth dimension, leading to un-
resolvable paradoxes and confusion regarding time’s physical nature,
as physicists mistakenly projected properties of the three spatial
dimensions onto a time dimension, resulting in curious concepts
including frozen time and block universes in which the past and future
are omni-present, thusly denying free will, while implying the
possibility of time travel into the past, which visitors from the
future have yet to verify.  Beginning with the postulate that time is
an emergent phenomenon resulting from a fourth dimension expanding
relative to the three spatial dimensions at the rate of c, diverse
phenomena from relativity, quantum mechanics, and statistical
mechanics are accounted for and unified with a hitherto unsung
universal invariant dx4/dt=ic.  Time dilation, the equivalence of mass
and energy, quantum entanglement, nonlocality, wave-particle duality,
and entropy are shown to arise from a common, deeper physical reality
expressed with dx4/dt=ic.  This postulate and equation, from which
Einstein’s relativity is derived, presents a fundamental model
accounting for the emergence of time, the constant velocity of light,
the fact that the maximum velocity is c, and the fact that c is
independent of the velocity of the source, as photons are but matter
surfing a fourth expanding dimension.  In general relativity, Einstein
showed that the dimensions themselves could bend, curve, and move.
The present theory extends this principle, postulating that the fourth
dimension is moving independently of the three spatial dimensions,
distributing locality and fathering time.  This physical model
underlies and accounts for time in quantum mechanics, relativity, and
statistical mechanics, as well as entropy, the universe’s expansion,
and time’s arrows and asymmetries in all arenas.

“More intellectual curiosity, versatility and yen for physics than
Elliot McGucken’s I have never seen in any senior or graduate
student. . . Originality, powerful motivation, and a can-do spirit
make me think that McGucken is a top bet for graduate school in
physics. . . I say this on the basis of close contacts with him over
the past year and a half. . . I gave him as an independent task to
figure out the time factor in the standard Schwarzchild expression
around a spherically- symmetric center of attraction.  I gave him the
proofs of my new general-audience, calculus-free book on general
relativity, A Journey Into Gravity and Space Time.  There the space
part of the Schwarzchild geometric is worked out by purely geometric
methods.  “Can you, by poor-man’s reasoning, derive what I never have,
the time part?”  He could and did, and wrote it all up in a
beautifully clear account. . . .his second junior paper . . .entitled
Within a Context, was done with another advisor, and dealt with an
entirely different part of physics, the Einstein-Rosen-Podolsky
experiment and delayed choice experiments in general. . . this paper
was so outstanding. . .  I am absolutely delighted that this semester
McGucken is doing a project with the cyclotron group on time reversal
asymmetry.  Electronics, machine-shop work and making equipment
function are things in which he now revels.  But he revels in
Shakespeare, too.  Acting the part of Prospero in the Tempest. . . ”
–John Archibald Wheeler, Princeton University, Recommendation for
Elliot McGucken for Admission to Graduate School of Physics

Dr. Elliot McGucken’s Biography: “Dr. E” received a B.A. in physics
from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in physics from UNC Chapel Hill,
where his research on an artificial retina, which is now helping the
blind see, appeared in Business Week and Popular Science and was
awarded a Merrill Lynch Innovations Grant.  While at Princeton,
McGucken worked on projects concerning quantum mechanics and general
relativity with the late John A. Wheeler, and the projects combined to
form an appendix treating time as an emergent phenomenon in his
dissertation.  McGucken is writing a book for the Artistic
Entrepreneurship & Technology (artsentrepreneurship.com) curriculum he
created.

All great discoveries in experimental physics have been made due to
the intuition of men who made free use of models which for them were
not products of the imagination but representations of real things. –
Max Born
dx4/dt=ic represents the physically real reality of a fourth dimension
expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions.

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~ by shooting RAW stills and 4K HD video on July 10, 2011.

One Response to “Three Foundational Papers on Moving Dimensions Theory: Time as an Emergent Phenomenon: Traveling Back to the Heroic Age of Physics by Dr. Elliot McGucken”

  1. Please download the papers by clicking on the above media links. Thanks!

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